What Can Cause Piriformis Syndrome?
- Overusing the muscle can cause swelling or injure the muscle.
- Sitting for long periods of time.
- Running, walking, or doing other repetitive motion activities.
- Playing sports.
- Climbing stairs.
- Lifting heavy objects.
- Trauma such as car accidents, falls, sudden twists, wounds that penetrate.
Symptoms Of Piriformis Syndrome
The most common symptom of piriformis syndrome is sciatica pain. Sciatica is the term used to describes pain, tingling, or numbness that starts in your buttocks and runs down the back of your leg.
Sciatica may begin as an intense, burning pain deep in the buttocks. The pain will get worse during activities that cause the piriformis muscle to press against the sciatic nerve.
Treatments For Piriformis Syndrome
- Stretching and strengthening exercises. Stretching to lengthen the muscle is believed to be the best way to decrease the compression
- Rest, ice, and/or heat. These may each help alleviate symptoms.
- Physical Therapy. PT can use deep massage to increase circulation, incorporating specific range of motion exercises, and correct the body mechanics and postural stabilization.
- Anti-Inflammatory Medication: These can be used to decrease inflammation around the tendon.
- Massage Therapy. Massage will help the piriformis muscle relax, which in turn can prevent spasming and reduce the pressure on your sciatic nerve. Massage also activates the release of pain-fighting endorphins, these endorphins reduce your experience of pain from piriformis syndrome.
- Electrotherapy. Applying electrical stimulation to your buttock region can both reduce muscle spasms related to piriformis syndrome as well as decrease your experience of pain.
The Piriformis Takeaway
Your piriformis muscle runs from your lower spine to the upper part of your thigh bone. Piriformis syndrome occurs when this muscle places pressure on your sciatic nerve This can cause pain and numbness in your lower body.